Posts Tagged "War Rationing"

FDR and 50 Yiddish-speaking Socialists

Posted by on May 30, 2013 in 1920s and 1930s, 1940s Life, All Blog Posts, Christian Science, Media, WW2 | 0 comments

“Progress” and “Forward” are a patched banner delusion of a one world government. One world is not the equal of one God. God is the law of diversity, individuality, and infinite reflection. Are we not all one world, already, in Spirit?

FDR was labor's choice as presented in "The Forward"

FDR was labor’s choice as presented in “The Forward”

All order that exists belongs to God. So one must ask, from what source do you get your order? America’s founding principles have worked pretty well, one nation under God. Why destroy the model? Slaves were freed in it. Women made their way in it. Gays marry in it. We don’t need socialism to prove that God has her place in every home that welcomes her.

The world comes together on its own through technology. Who prefers McDonalds hamburger when in Japan? The price of socialism and its near cousin communism would freedom lost. Freedom, like free speech, is the American way. This photo of FDR is from the “Jewish Daily Forward Newspaper” founded in 1897 by “50 Yiddish-speaking socialists”. All these socialists moved in after, possibly even in response to, Mary Baker Eddy unleashing the key to the Scriptures revealing the true nature of reality, the science of the Christian God. Sure it’s an odd and original idea. But I think its true. Christian Science healers starting in 1872 through to 1920 were a force like a new undeclared political party. They proved the worth of American religious freedom. And they weren’t aggressive like some of the evangelicals we see today.

Socialism is contrary to intellectual freedom. Our American system is built on intelligent love for one’s neighbor, not only one’s relative, but love for all humanity.

 

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Bowdoin Dilemma in WW2: The Battle for Critical Thinking

Posted by on Apr 15, 2013 in 1940s Life, All Blog Posts, Bowdoin College, WW2 | 1 comment

In 1942 liberal arts education at Bowdoin College cultivated critical thinking, tolerance for opposing views, and moral values vital to society, democracy, and America as a nation.

The September Commencement of 1942 graduated sixteen “Accelerated Seniors” at Bowdoin College. Three degrees were conferred in absentia for the men already in the service. That left only thirteen graduates in attendance. It was a small commencement, the first time in Bowdoin’s history the ceremony was moved to the chapel.

1st “Accelerated Class” of Bowdoin
September 1942

One of the oldest features of Bowdoin commencements was missing, the undergraduate speakers. In the “swift and streamlined” days, the undergraduate oratory was sacrificed. Professor Coffin described it this way, “Undergraduate orations have never remade the world, but they have meant a good deal to the class and to the men who delivered them. It would be too bad to have any war end a tradition as old as the college. It will be a sad day if, after the war, Bowdoin gives up having the students themselves furnish the heart of the celebration and hires some distinguished speaker to serve as that vital organ, as most colleges do nowadays.”

Bowdoin College was turned upside down during World War Two. In its support of the war effort, Bowdoin faced a dilemma. How do you maintain a liberal arts institution and support for “liberal” education against extreme pressures that necessitate bare bones pragmatic courses of accelerated vocational training? It might seem that Yankees are a natural choice for embracing the practical. No so. Not for Bowdoin. Not then. After the war there continued a steady chop.

Prof. Robert P.T. Coffin was a WWI vet. He had endured a ten year fight with the V.A. to win his disability. Manhood was the sacrifice of war not its prize. What’s the point for persons driving tanks to have a working knowledge of ancient history, oratory, debate and the classics? How is the war effort served by anyone’s ability to reason and tolerate opposing views?

Mr. Sills, Bowdoin’s president wrote, “Some of us believe that one of the contributing causes of the chaos in our modern world has been the fact that in so many nations, due to The First World War, thousands of young men and young women grew to maturity without having received in their early days the kind of education that is rightly called liberal, and without having received in their early days emphasis on the spiritual and ideal side of life.” Mr. Sills knew the essence of what was at stake, America, morality, manhood, intellectual freedom, the skill to reason.

Sills was long retired when in 1969 the administration decided to abolish all general education requirements. A new study traces the reverberations of that decision across decades, as Bowdoin faculty members struggled with students who could not write well, were deficient in math, neglected foreign languages, ignored the sciences, or over-specialized. The purpose of the report is not to pick on Bowdoin but to evaluate higher education using Bowdoin as a representative example. The report doesn’t claim that Bowdoin is materially different than other wealthy elite schools. Here is an excerpt:

“Politics is enthroned at Bowdoin where Reason once reigned. Like all usurpers, this one presents itself as the legitimate heir of the old order. Bowdoin manages this substitution by claiming that Reason all along was  political and that “truth claims,” seen accurately through the lens of “critical thinking,” are only assertions of self-interest by the powerful. Since everything was politics anyway, why not promote the politics you prefer? This is the short route to replacing open-minded liberal education with political activism centered on diversity, multiculturalism, same-sex marriage, sustainability, etc.”

 

I believe that spiritual good endures at Bowdoin. Political activism has its place.  But the purpose of a college is better met when critical thinking is cultivated far above and beyond any indoctrination in political correctness.

The new study shows the outcomes. The modern campus culture has replaced moral education, including a tolerance for opposing views, with a brainwash of contrived political correctness: The exhaustive 355 page report starkly concludes with ‘What Bowdoin (representative of colleges across the nation) Does Not Teach” (anymore): Intellectual modesty. Self-restraint. Hard work. Virtue. Self-criticism. Moderation. A broad framework of intellectual history. Survey courses. English composition. A course on Edmund Spenser. A course primarily on the American Founders. A course on the American Revolution. The history of Western civilization from classical times to the present. A course on the Christian philosophical tradition. Public speaking. Tolerance towards dissenting views. The predicates of critical thinking. A coherent body of knowledge. How to distinguish importance from triviality. Wisdom. Culture.”

In my father’s 1940s story graduate degrees conferred at Bowdoin were still in the ancient latin form. And Kenneth Sills’s handclasp went with each one. And so did the Dean’s smile. During the 1942 commencement President Sills gave a speech. It was a desperate appeal for young people to think. There was a sharp silence after. When the President then asked for applause, the applause offered a kind of unexpected relief. There were no honorary degrees. Wars cut across such patterns. An undergraduate sang a solo “The Hills of Home”.  The uncut version of a song was sung “Rise Sons of Bowdoin”.

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War Rationing, Nylon vs. Rayon Stockings

Posted by on Feb 20, 2013 in 1940s Life, All Blog Posts, Media, Vintage Style, WW2 | 3 comments

There was no lag in Mom’s memory about this one. “We wore rayon.” My curiosity is aroused. What was this actually like? How did rayon feel on the skin? How much was the difference? I want to test the rayon vs. nylon vs. silk.

Rayon Stocking Ad

Rayon Rayon Rayon
Lewiston Daily Sun 2/18/43

A Nylon History Society website states: Originally, fashion stockings were made from either silk or cotton. Rayon was the first attempt to have a manufactured material replace silk but it was a poor product for stockings. DuPont’s Fiber 6,6 which later was called Nylon, was the first true synthetic fiber invented. Not only did the fiber have amazing properties, the fiber could be created on demand in a factory. Stockings were one of the first products to use this new fiber.

Stockings made from the new fiber 6,6 were introduced to the world in 1939. Both at the Expo on the West Coast and the World Fair on the East Coast. May 15, 1940 was the first official release of the new nylon stocking for public sale. No consumer item before had caused such a nationwide pandemonium. Women loved them and men loved women wearing them, how they looked and felt. By the end of the year, 64 million pairs of nylon stockings were sold.

After just a few years of production, when the United States got involved with WWII, all nylon production went to the war effort. Nylon was used to make materials in the war such as parachutes and ropes. Silk was also unavailable so rayon stockings were produced. Women also would shave their legs and use makeup to simulate stockings and a Nylon Black Market formed.

When the war ended, nylon went back into stocking production. The demand for stockings was so great that fights would break out at stores. These fights became known as Nylon Riots. It took a year for production to start catching up with demand. Resource for info on stockings: http://www.orgsites.com/oh/nylon-stocking-society/

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